The initially the statutory child maintenance scheme was regulated by the Child Support Agency (CSA), however, the responsibility was transferred to the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission (CMEC), following the introduction of the Child Maintenance and Other Payments Act 2008 (CMOP 2008). The CMEC was then abolished in 2012 and the responsibilities were transferred back to the DWP.
The Child Maintenance Service (CMS) administers the statutory child maintenance which is calculated under the gross income scheme.
There are three possible methods available to calculate the child support liability. These are:
- The old scheme – original calculation method
- The net income scheme – post March 2013 applications
- The gross income scheme – existing cases under the net income scheme were transferred between 30 June 2014 to 31 December 2018